111 John Dower / Thomas Moule 1834

 

Thomas Moule published books and papers on topography, history, genealogy, heraldry and architecture. Born in 1794 at St Marylebone he was a bookseller in Duke Street, Grosvenor Square, from about 1816 until 1823, when he became Inspector of blind letters. He was also Chamber-keeper in the Lord Chamberlain’s Department with official residence in the Stable Yard of St James’ Palace, where he died on 14th January 1851.

Moule’s English Counties was issued as a part-work1, including maps of each English county and town plans, including Plymouth and Devonport, between 1830 and 1836 before being combined from 1837 to form The English Counties Delineated. The maps, engraved on steel, were also sold individually as Moule’s Pocket County Maps. Although some early issues of these maps may be found in contemporary colour-wash most have recent colour. At least eight states of Berks were published 1837-1839; it is likely that different states of Devon remain to be discovered.

The three engravers employed by Moule were Schmollinger, who engraved perhaps the most decorative county maps (see 115), John Bingley and John Dower, who engraved most of the west country maps. Early examples of Devon have the engraver’s name; John Crane Dower (fl.1820-47), a specialist map engraver who worked from premises at 6, Cumming Place, Pentonville throughout his career. He engraved a large-scale map of Great Britain in 1839 for Samuel Lewis2It showed roads, rivers, canals and railways at a scale of five miles to the inch. He died in 1847. His son and successor was John James Dower (b.1825) who was very active in the second half of the nineteenth century producing work for the Weekly Despatch (see Victorian Maps of Devon, entry 136) and Hobson’s Fox-hunting Atlas (see 116). Another son, Frederick James (b.1829), was also a map engraver, serving an apprenticeship with Alexander Findlay in the 1840s.

Moule’s English Counties was reprinted in 1839. After this the Rev. James Barclay reissued the maps in his A Complete and Universal English Dictionary from 1842 first published under the imprint of F Sprent & Co., then by Geo. Henry & Co. (after issue 10 of 31 parts). The Dictionaries were reprinted frequently until c.1858 and being slightly smaller than Moule’s original, maps were often trimmed. Circa 1847 Devon can be found with 29 other counties in The History of England by Hume and Smollett, a popular history of the time which was extended by Edward Farr to cover the first ten years of Queen Victoria’s reign.

 

Size 185 x 245 mm.                                                                                                                                               Scale 1M = 2.1 mm.

DEVONSHIRE. Imprint: Engraved for MOULES’ ENGLISH COUNTIES by I. Dower. (CeOS). Vignette of the GUILDHALL EXETER. Arms of Bishop of Exeter and Hugh, 2nd Earl Fortescue.

                                                                                                                                                       

1. 1834  Moule’s English Counties issued as a monthly series (E), (NDL).
    London. G Virtue, Simpkin & Marshall, Jennings & Chaplin. 1834. BL, E.
       
    The English Counties Delineated by Thomas Moule  
    London. G Virtue. 1837, 1839.  CCCCLXXI, C; AY.
       
2. 1837 Parliamentary stars added. Note below list of hundreds: County returns 4 members.  
       
    The English Counties Delineated by Thomas Moule  
    London.G Virtue. 1837, 1838. CCCCLXXII, BL, W; BCL.
       
    A Complete and Universal English Dictionary, .. revised by Henry W Dewhurst  
    London. G Virtue. (1841).   CB.
       
    Barclay’s Complete and Universal Dictionary  
    London. F Sprent & Co. / Geo. Henry & Co. (1842).   W, Birm, KB.
       
3. 1843 No plate number, imprints or signatures. Bristol and Exeter Railway drawn to Exeter.  
       
    A Complete and Universal English Dictionary, ... by James Barclay  
    London. G Virtue. (1843), (1844).  W; P.
       
    Barclay’s Complete and Universal Dictionary  
    London. G Virtue. (1847).  C.
       
    A Complete and Universal English Dictionary, ... by James Barclay  
    London. James S Virtue. (1847), (18483). W, TB; AA.
       
    Barclay’s Complete and Universal English Dictionary... Part 24  
    London. George Virtue. (1847).   KB.
       
    Barclay’s Complete and Universal English Dictionary... Part 45  
    London. F Sprent & Co. (for the proprietors). (1848). P.
       
4. 1848 Railway drawn to Plymouth with line to Torquay. No plate number.  
       
    A Complete and Universal English Dictionary, New Edition by James Barclay  
    London. George Virtue. (18486).    BL.
       
5. 1848 Railway drawn to Plymouth with no line to Torquay.  
       
     A Complete and Universal English Dictionary, New Edition by James Barclay  
    London. George Virtue. (18487).   BL.
       
    The History of Englandby Hume and Smollett … by Edward Farr  
    London.George Virtue. (1850).   CB.
       
    A Complete and Universal Dictionary … B B Woodward  
    London. George Virtue. (1851). Norwich, BL, BCL.
       
6. 1850

Railway to Plymouth, Tiverton and Torquay. Note: Railway Stations thus added (Be).

 
    The History of England by Hume and Smollett … by Henry Stebbing8  
    London. George Virtue. (1850).                                                                                      KB.
       
    A Complete and Universal English Dictionary, ...… B B Woodward  
    London. James S Virtue. (1858).                                                                                      W.
       
    A Complete and Universal English Dictionary, ...  
    London. George Virtue. (1852).                                                                                      CB.
       
    A Complete and Universal English Dictionary, ...  
    London. Virtue & Co. (1853).  CB.
       

       


[1] Tony Campbell; The Original ... Numbers of  Moule’s English Counties; The Map Collector; Issue 31; June 1985.

[2] R J Shirley; Mapping Great Britain’s Industrial Revolution; in IMCoS JOURNAL; Vol. 7 No. 1; Spring 1987.

[3] Preface is dated.

[4] Each part embellished with two county maps or other illustrative engravings.

[5] Each part embellished with a county map or other illustrative plate.

[6] Preface is dated.

[7] Preface is dated.

[8] One of 30 counties bound in at the end of Volume II of a 3-volume set. Work is reissue of Hume and Smollett with a continuation by Edward Farr to circa 1847. This edition has foreward by Stebbing.